French-Swiss director Jean-Luc Godard, who pioneered the Nouvelle Obscure cinema motion with the 1960 movie Breathless, has died aged 91.
Godard died “peacefully” and “surrounded by these near him” on Tuesday in his dwelling in Rolle, Switzerland, his household and producers advised Agence France-Presse.
French newspaper Libération, which first reported the demise, revealed a narrative citing sources near the household who mentioned the director was not in poor health and had chosen to die with medical help as is permitted underneath Swiss regulation.
“He was a breakout star of French cinema,” President Emmanuel Macron mentioned in a tweet. “Then he turned a grasp. Jean-Luc Godard, probably the most iconoclastic film-maker of the New Wave, invented an artwork that was resolutely trendy and intensely free. We’ve got misplaced a nationwide treasure, the imaginative and prescient of a genius.”
Critics have hailed Godard as one of many nice postwar movie administrators who, throughout a very productive stretch within the Nineteen Sixties, produced 15 options that challenged the visible type and narrative conventions of Hollywood. Handheld cameras, bounce cuts, and typically wandering dialogue turned the trademark of Nouvelle Obscure, a motion that influenced generations of filmmakers.
Godard was born in Paris in 1930, the son of a physician and a banker’s daughter. He was raised in Nyon, Switzerland, and returned to Paris for college. He began out as a movie critic within the Latin Quarter the place he and a gaggle of associates that included future cinema greats resembling François Truffaut and Éric Rohmer would watch a number of movies a day. Godard wrote for the Cahiers du Cinéma journal that helped form the New Wave motion.
Together with his first movie Breathless, Godard made a star of the actor Jean-Paul Belmondo, who performed a felony on the run, and furthered the profession of the American actress Jean Seberg within the position of his girlfriend.
Godard and his work have been typically radical and tinged with political concepts pulled from Marxism and anti-imperialism in vogue on the left within the Nineteen Sixties and Seventies. Later in his profession, he would criticise the ever-growing position of tv, saying it was an inferior artwork.
“Cinema is a forgetting of actuality,” he advised Le Monde in 2014.
He went on to make movies all through his life, and theorised and wrote about movie historical past. Within the eight-part video documentary Histoire(s) du cinéma launched from 1988 to 1998, Godard created an impressionistic collage of quotes, interviews and sequences that confirmed his essence as a cinephile.
Godard influenced many filmmakers together with Martin Scorsese and Quentin Tarantino. American director Jim Jarmusch mentioned he had been impressed by Breathless when he made the movie Stranger Than Paradise to show the constraints of getting little cash into a creative benefit.
Figures from throughout the movie enterprise paid tribute to the director. French actress Brigitte Bardot, who starred in Godard’s 1953 movie Contempt, posted a black-and-white photograph of them strolling down a set of stairs collectively. “By making Contempt and Breathless, Godard joined the firmament of the final nice creators of stars,” she mentioned.
Antonio Banderas, the Spanish actor and director, tweeted: “Thanks monsieur Godard for increasing the boundaries of the language of cinema.”
Calling Godard the “Picasso of cinema”, Gilles Jacob, a critic who headed the Cannes movie pageant from 2001 to 2014, mentioned the movie world had been orphaned by the director’s passing. “Forward of his time, he performed with phrases, photos, sound, and color,” he mentioned.
As a younger man Godard was no fan of the Cannes movie pageant, main a march to disrupt the occasion to assist the Could 1968 pupil protests that have been then raging in Paris. “We needs to be demolishing the buildings of Cannes,” he mentioned, in keeping with an AFP report on the time. “I’m speaking to you about solidarity with the scholars and employees and also you’re speaking to me about monitoring photographs and close-ups!”
Godard did go on to win awards at Cannes, for 2 of his late-career movies, and likewise gained an Oscar for his lifetime achievements.
Godard was married twice, to 2 actresses who appeared in his movies — Anna Karina and Anne Wiazemsky — and is survived by his companion Anne-Marie Miéville.